Fixed Rate Mortgage:
With a fixed rate mortgage, the interest rate does not change for the term of the loan; the monthly payment is always the same. Typically, the shorter the loan period, the more attractive the interest rate will be.
Payments on fixed-rate fully amortizing loans are calculated so that the loan is paid in full at the end of the term. In the early amortization period of the mortgage, a large percentage of the monthly payment pays the interest on the loan. As the mortgage is paid down, more of the monthly payment is applied toward the principal.
A 30 year fixed rate mortgage
is the most popular type of loan when borrowers are able to lock into a low rate.
FHA mortgage loans are issued by federally qualified lenders and insured by the U.S. Federal Housing Authority, a division of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
FHA loans are an attractive option, especially for first-time homeowners:
- Generally easier to qualify for than conventional loans.
- Lower down payment requirements.
- Cannot exceed statutory loan limits.
Jumbo Loans exceed the maximum loan amounts established by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac conventional loan limits. Rates on jumbo loans are typically higher than conforming loans. Jumbo Loans are typically used to buy more expensive homes and high-end custom construction homes, and usually require a higher down payment than traditional loans.
Conventional loans are mortgage loans offered by non-government sponsored lenders. These loan types include:
- Fixed Rate Loans
- Balloon Mortgages and Pledge Asset Loans
- Jumbo / Construction Loans
- Reverse Mortgage
Conforming loans are conventional loans that meet bank-funding criteria set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Both of these stock-holding companies buy mortgage loans from lending institutions and secure them for resale to the investment community. Every year, form October to October, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac establish limits on what constitutes a conforming loan in a mean home price.
Buying back mortgage loans allow these agencies to provide a continuous flow of affordable funding to banks that reinvest their money back into more mortgage loans. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac only buy loans that are conforming, to repackage into the secondary market - effectively decreasing the demand for non-conforming loans.
|Number of Units ||Maximum original principal balance ||Alaska, Guam, Hawaii, and U.S. Virgin Islands only |
|1 ||$417,000 ||$625,500 |
|2 ||$533,850 ||$800,775 |
|3 ||$645,300 ||$967,950 |
|4 ||$801,950 ||$1,202,925 |
NOTE: The conforming loan limit in Alaska, Hawaii, Guam and the Virgin Islands is 50% higher.